The Developmental Democratic Planning (DDP) model frames educational planning as a process that extends beyond the immediate focus of a particular planning effort to acknowledge and cultivate the potential of all members of the organization to fulfill their roles as active participants in the democratic life of the organization. The DDP model construes educational planning efforts as a vehicle for enacting organizational change. To create a democratic planning culture, educational leaders cultivate and promote approaches to organizational leadership and planning that include (1) the leadership dispositions of hospitality, participation, mindfulness, humility; and (2) the organizational dispositions of mutuality, appreciation, and autonomy.


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