Faculty and administrators in higher education face new challenges regarding copyright ownership as the internet expands the use and availability of course-specific intellectual property and information. This article explores four questions: Does the university or professor own the work? What can professors do with the work? What can students do with the work? And how do you control your course materials and protect your intellectual and financial investment? We will look at statutes, case law, and the copyright policies of eight universities to determine policy regarding the faculty right to hold copyright in all scholarly works and the university right to own copyright in special works and when they can license and publish faculty scholarly work.